SOLAR AND LUNAR ECLIPSES.
Vaishnava perspective
of the significance of a Graha grasthah - eclipses.
last update 10th February 2017

Eclipses of the Sun and Moon Coming Up:
http://spaceweather.com
 

All information is available for all lunar and solar eclipses for our region here http://www.rasnz.org.nz/index.htm
 

ECLIPSES DURING 2017

Eclipse Summary:

11/02/17 Lunar - Penumbral Lunar
27/02/17 Solar - Annular Solar
8/08/17  Lunar - Partial Lunar
22/08/17 Solar - Total Solar

------------------------
10/02/2017 Lunar - Penumbra Lunar
Mag: 0.983

Penumbral Starts:
11/02/2017   11:35
New Zealand Daylight Time

Mid Eclipse:
11/02/2017   13:43
New Zealand Daylight Time

Penumbral Ends:
11/02/2017   15:52
New Zealand Daylight Time

Penumbral eclipse of the Moon 2017 February 11th

At this eclipse of the moon a maximum of 98.9% of the moon’s diameter moves into the Earth’s penumbral shadow, with 1.1% remaining in full sunlight. The uneclipsed sliver will be near the moon's south pole, while the most northerly parts of the moon will be close to, but not in, the umbra. So we may expect this part of the moon to be distinctly dulled, with the surface brightening further south.

In a penumbral eclipse an observer on the moon would see part of the Sun covered by the dark Earth. In this eclipse the greatest amount covered would be seen in the north. As the observer moved south on the moon less of the Sun would be covered until in the far south no part of the very low Sun would be hidden.

As seen from the Earth the moon will be visible from northeast Canada and eastern South America, Europe. Africa and the Middle East throughout the eclipse. Changes in the moon's brightness will not be very marked. In the remainder of north and south America the moon will rise during the eclipse. As seen from much of eastern Asia, the moon will set during the eclipse, as it will from most of Indonesia. No part of the eclipse is visible from Australia, New Zealand or the western parts of the Pacific, including Japan and the Philippines.

Times of the start, maximum and end of the eclipse are shown on the diagram, which also shows the parts of the Earth from which the various stages are visible. The coloured circles at the top left shows the path of the moon (outlined and numbered 1, 4 and 7) through the penumbral part of the Earth’s shadow.


 

26/02/2017 Solar - Annular Solar
Mag: N/A
Hemisphere: Southern

Mid Eclipse:
27/02/2017   03:53
New Zealand Daylight Time

27/02/2017   02:00
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  77.11   -44.26   1.09

27/02/2017   02:10
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  65.90   -43.99   1.03

27/02/2017   02:20
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  57.66   -43.20   0.58

27/02/2017   02:30
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  51.00   -42.12   0.54

27/02/2017   02:40
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  45.39   -40.86   0.51

27/02/2017   02:50
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  40.50   -39.47   0.47

27/02/2017   03:00
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  36.15   -37.97   0.45

27/02/2017   03:10
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  32.21   -36.39   0.43

27/02/2017   03:20
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  28.55   -34.74   0.42

27/02/2017   03:30
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  25.10   -33.02   0.41

27/02/2017   03:40
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  21.78   -31.24   0.41

27/02/2017   03:50
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  18.52   -29.41   0.41

27/02/2017   04:00
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  15.24   -27.50   0.43

27/02/2017   04:10
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  11.84   -25.53   0.44

27/02/2017   04:20
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
   8.22   -23.47   0.47

27/02/2017   04:30
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
   4.21   -21.30   0.50

27/02/2017   04:40
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  -0.45   -18.98   0.54

27/02/2017   04:50
New Zealand Daylight Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  -6.30   -16.43   0.59

Annular eclipse of the Sun, 2017 February 26

The annular eclipse of the Sun on February 26 starts in the southern Pacific Ocean well west of Southern Chile. The Sun will rise in annular eclipse at a point about 3500 km west of the southern coast of Chile and about 1000 km south of Easter Island (I. de Pasaua). As it rises, 97.7% of the diameter of the solar disk will be covered by the moon. The width of the annular path will be 96 km and the duration of the annular eclipse 82.4 seconds.

At first the annular path will move slightly south of due east to cross the coast of Southern Chile about 18 minutes later at the I. Rivero. Inland in Chile it passes close to Coihaique and then Facundo in Argentina. By then the Sun will be 98.6% covered and the annular phase will last 64.5 seconds. The annular path leaves the east coast of Argentina close to Cape Dos Bahias some 11 minutes after it crossed the west coast.

As the path moves out across the Atlantic Ocean it swings more to the northeast. Maximum eclipse occurs well out in the Atlantic Ocean at about longitude 31° W and latitude 35° south at near local midday. At the maximum 99.2% of the solar disk will be covered by the moon, and the annular phase will last only 44 seconds. The increase of the amount of Sun covered and the consequent shortening of the annular phase are due to the Earth’s surface being closer moon when the latter is highest.

After eclipse maximum the path of the eclipse continues across the Atlantic passing well south of St Helena. It crosses the coast of Africa in southern Angola a little to the north of Mocamedes. By then the Sun will be near setting, a little way inland it will indeed set before the end of the eclipse although the annular phase will remain visible as it crosses Angola and enters the extreme south of the Congo Republic along the border with Zambia. The annular eclipse ends as the sun sets to the northwest of Lubumbashi about 3 hours 15 minutes after it started in the Pacific. At its end 97.8% of the solar disk will be covered, with the annular phase lasting 77.4 seconds.

No part of the eclipse is visible from Australia nor from New Zealand.

7/08/2017 Lunar - Partial Lunar
Mag: 0.246

Penumbral Starts:
8/08/2017   03:50
New Zealand Standard Time

First Contact:
8/08/2017   05:23
New Zealand Standard Time

Mid Eclipse:
8/08/2017   06:20
New Zealand Standard Time

Fourth Contact:
8/08/2017   07:18
New Zealand Standard Time

Penumbral Ends:
8/08/2017   08:50
New Zealand Standard Time

Partial eclipse of the Moon 2017 August 7

At this eclipse a maximum of just under 25% of the moon's diameter will be immersed in the umbral, full shadow of the Earth. In this case it will be the southern part of the moon which is darkened. The remainder of the moon will be in the penumbra, partial shadow, of the Earth. The entire eclipse is visible from the east coast of Africa central Asia except the north Indonesia and Australia except the eastern seaboard. The moon rises during the eclipse as seen from the rest of Africa, Europe and western Asia. Further east the moon will set during the eclipse as seen from much of the remainder of Asia, Indonesia and Australia. From the New Zealand the eclipse will start with the moon low to the west. All parts will see the beginning of the umbral phase, visible in its entirety from the South Island, before the moon sets.


 

21/08/2017 Solar - Total Solar
Mag: N/A
Hemisphere: Northern

Mid Eclipse:
22/08/2017   06:25
New Zealand Standard Time

22/08/2017   04:40
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
 127.89    43.40   1.47

22/08/2017   04:50
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
 118.75    43.46   2.02

22/08/2017   05:00
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
 111.37    43.03   2.15

22/08/2017   05:10
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
 105.11    42.27   2.25

22/08/2017   05:20
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  99.63    41.28   2.34

22/08/2017   05:30
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  94.74    40.11   2.40

22/08/2017   05:40
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  90.29    38.78   2.44

22/08/2017   05:50
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  86.18    37.32   2.47

22/08/2017   06:00
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  82.32    35.75   2.47

22/08/2017   06:10
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  78.63    34.07   2.45

22/08/2017   06:20
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  75.05    32.29   2.42

22/08/2017   06:30
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  71.48    30.39   2.37

22/08/2017   06:40
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  67.85    28.39   2.29

22/08/2017   06:50
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  64.03    26.25   2.21

22/08/2017   07:00
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  59.88    23.95   2.10

22/08/2017   07:10
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  55.14    21.45   1.57

22/08/2017   07:20
New Zealand Standard Time
 Lat:     Lon:   Duration
  49.32    18.63   1.42

Total eclipse of the Sun 2017 August 21

The total eclipse on August 21 starts at sunrise in the north Pacific Ocean about half way between Hawaii and the eastern most part of Siberia. The total eclipse moves eastwards to enter the U.S.A. in Oregon a little south of Portland with Salem in the path. After crossing the U.S.A. the eclipse leaves the country from South Carolina with Charleston in the path. It heads across the Atlantic Ocean towards Africa, but ends at sunset still west of the continent and to the south of the Cape Verdi Islands.

The greatest duration of totality is just over 160 seconds and occurs along a belt from south of St Louis, Missouri, to north of Nashville in Tennessee. The maximum path width of totality is 155 km.

No part of the eclipse is visible from New Zealand or Australia apart from the western coast of the latter where the eclipse starts as the Sun sets.

For a detailed map showing the path across the U.S.A. Eclipse path


 
 

http://www.rasnz.org.nz/Eclipses/
 

http://spaceweather.com

Please visit http://spaceweather.com for eclipse maps, timetables and photos.
 

(See also NASA's solar eclipse pages and NASA's Lunar eclipse pages)

The world meeting planner is a useful tool in this regard http://www.worldtimezone.com/time/wtzplanner.php?m=8&y=2008#

Map of Solar Eclipses until 2020:

NASA's Solar Eclipse list 2001 - 2010 - 2011 Very useful maps and graphix

Solar Eclipse computer - http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/SolarEclipse.html  (Longitude and Latitude and Time zone found on top of Vcal calender)
computes circumstances for selected solar eclipses at any given location (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/)

Lunar Eclipse computer - http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/LunarEclipse.html  (Longitude and Latitude and Time zone found on top of Vcal calender)
computes circumstances for selected solar eclipses at any given location (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/)

Scroll down to the red Form B - Locations Worldwide Just type in your town or city and click on Place Name. Then click on Get Data, very simple.

With all Solar & Lunar Eclipses (do not cook, eat, etc. Only Chant Hare Krishna) see eclipses-page

For more details on Graha-grashtha - Solar and Lunar Eclipses please view our page

Here's a new page of quoting what to do during Solar and Lunar Eclipses
 
 






























































Just a heads up to alert you that next Gaura purnima there will be a total eclipse of the Moon visible in India and hence Mayapura. The eclipse starts after midnight in Mayapura on Gaura Purnima (see details below) so technically by the yavana calendar it will be on March 4, 2007 but since the day starts at sunrise by Krsna's Vedic system it will still be Gaura Purnima day.

For more information go to:

http://tinyurl.com/njots

Click on it to enlarge the image.

You will see two diagrams:

1 of the Moon moving through the shadow with annotations such P1, U1, U2 etc

2 of the map of the earth showing where the eclipse will be visible.

On the right hand side between these two diagrams you will see a table of times called "Eclipse contacts" which give you the time in UT - Universal Time--which for all intents and purposes is the same as GMT for non-astronomers like us. To convert it to IST we need just add 5:30.

The important ones are U1-U4 that is when the Moon enters the actual shadow (Rahu) aka the umbra, hence U1 is when it enters and U4 is when it leaves. U2-U3 are the times of maximum eclipse and it will be a total eclipse in which the Moon will look dark red assuming of course that the sky will be clear so as to be visible, which it should be at that time of year.

Note that the eclipse starts (U1) at 3:00 AM IST and ends (U4) at 6:42 IST the ending time will not be visible because the Sun will have risen (6:01AM) in Mayapur by then.

But note that the times of maximum and thus total eclipse U2-U3 will be from 4:14AM-5:28AM and that the sun will not rise until 6:01 AM. That means that basically from 3:00AM till sunrise Mayapura will be subjected to the eclipse with the maximum phase during mangala arotika.

The time for the beginning of the penumberal phase P1 is not relevant to us because for all practical purposes we can not notice any thing and it is of academic interest to astronomers with sensitive light sensing meters. For more explanation of this see:

http://www.hermit.org/Eclipse/why_lunar.html

and read the section explaining it where it says: "From Earth, when the Moon passes through the penumbra we see it dimming due to the reduced light, although in practice this can be hard to see with the eye."

We had experience of such a penumberal eclipse earlier this year and saw absolutely no effect on the Moon. It was a complete dud. So I would just ignore the time between P1 and U1.

But from 3:00 am till sunrise Mayapura Dham will experience the eclipse so what ever measures that are to be taken during such events should be organized. In many temples in S India they close down completely for example even though the September 7, 2006 eclipse is only a very partial eclipse (less than 20%) the Balaji temple is closing. I do not know what standards the Gaudiya Vaisnavas follow for such events but I suppose that this is the time to find out.

Your humble servant

Shyamasundara Dasa

Space Weather News for March 1, 2007
http://spaceweather.com

TOTAL LUNAR ECLIPSE:  Set aside some time this weekend for sky watching.  On Saturday night, March 3rd, there's going to be a total eclipse of the Moon.  This means the Moon will glide through the heart of Earth's shadow and turn a beautiful shade of sunset red.  Totality can be seen from parts of all seven continents including all of Europe and Africa and the eastern half of North America.

Visit http://spaceweather.com for observing tips, maps and links to live webcasts.

Lunar Eclipse Gallery (photos from a similar eclipse in 2004): http://spaceweather.com/eclipses/gallery_27oct04_page2.html

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